Learn how to make a pie with our guide below then put your skills to the test with our easy pie recipes and vegetarian pie recipes.


How to make a pie

Get the right equipment for making your pie

You can make a pie in just about anything (chefs are quite fond of a pie made in a mini pan or casserole), but if you want perfectly crimped edges use a ceramic or metal pie dish with a decent lip. A lip will also help the pastry cling to the dish and stop it falling into the filling and becoming soggy.

Double-crust pies (those with a top and bottom crust) are better made in a metal pie dish as the heat will conduct more easily and help the base become crisp.

It’s best to cook a pie on a pre-heated solid baking tray or sheet. Not only will this stop any filling dropping onto your oven floor and burning, but the extra heat will help crisp-up the base. You can use this trick for tarts too.

Perfect pastry handling for making pies

Whatever type of pastry you are making keep your ingredients as cool as possible. Always use chilled butter straight from the fridge and iced water to bind. Some pastry chefs even pop their flour in the freezer for 20 minutes. If you have hot hands and you find the butter gets very soft when you are rubbing it into the flour, it might be better to use a food processor. Just pulse flour and butter until it looks like large breadcrumbs.

Once you’ve brought your pastry together avoid overworking or kneading it. Just wrap in a piece of clingfilm and leave in the fridge to rest for 30 minutes. This will make it much easier to roll and will give all the ingredients a chance to cool down.

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Pie cooking tips

If you are making a double crust pie it’s best to blind bake and seal the base before you add the filling to avoid a soggy bottom...

  • Line the bottom of the pie dish with pastry then take a piece of baking paper and scrunch it up to soften it.
  • Lay it on top of the pastry then fill with baking beans or dried beans or rice. Bake until the pastry is lightly cooked then take out the paper and beans and keep cooking until there are no raw bits of pastry visible.
  • Take out the pie shell, brush lightly with beaten egg white then put back in the oven for 5 minutes. This will create an extra seal on the pastry.

How to glaze a pie

You can use various glazes for your pie. Milk will give you a matte finish and a slight browning. Whole beaten egg will give a shine and a deep gold colour. Beaten egg yolk will give you the deepest golden brown. Whichever glaze you choose, it’s best to glaze then chill for another 10 minutes before baking to set the glaze. Also if you want to score a pattern on the pastry, do this after the glazing and chilling stage and your pattern will be more defined.


Janine Ratcliffe Portrait
Janine RatcliffeFood director

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